Among the renowned men who have made a lasting mark on modern society is Sigmund Freud. Although he is perhaps best remembered for his ideas on sexual and sensual human nature, he is also well known as a psychologist who subdivided the parts of the human mind.

Whether or not Freud's divisions were accurate is not known, nor is it of vital importance to us.However, the correct meaning of the Greek words dealing with the mind are most vital to biblical accuracy.

The three (3) major words translated "mind" are psuche,nousandphronema.

Psuche means soul life, the real individual as opposed to his physical body and his spirit (pneuma).

Nous is the entire mind, a part of the soul. It is the organ of mental perception, fed and influenced by the five senses, or by the spirit. The mind is that part of the soul which collects data, and through reasoning processes makes decisions.

Phronemais used of the thoughts, feelings and desires fed into and held by the mind (nous).

The verb form of nous is translated "understand" in the epistle of Ephesians.

Ephesians 3: 4 -- Whereby, when ye read (to know accurately), ye may understand (noeo) my knowledge in the mystery of Christ.)

Paul says that you may know with your whole mind, not just apprehend the thoughts, concerning the mystery of Christ. The mystery is revealed a few verses later.

Ephesians 3: 6 -- That the Gentiles should be fellowheirs, and of the same body, and partakers of his promise in Christ by the gospel:

The riches of the glory of this mystery is recorded in Colossians.

Colossians 1: 27 -- To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory:

It is one thing to know these thoughts, since anyone can memorize or quote scripture. But it is God's desire for the believers to comprehend with the whole mind (nous) what is the mystery and its greatness.

The mind of an individual can be fed: 1) by the five senses or2) by the spirit. When it is fed by the five senses, it may eat the spiritual food found in the Bible, or it may eat secular food. Then through its reasoning processes it makes decisions. Depending upon the decisions it makes, the mind may become good or corrupt.

Titus 1: 15 -- Unto the pure all things arepure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving isnothing pure; but even their mind (nous) and conscience is defiled.

Romans 14: 5 -- One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike.Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind (nous).

The context speaks of many customs and beliefs that differ among the believers. But let each follow his own mind on these things. Letís look at verse one of this chapter and then a verse in Hebrews.

Romans 14: 1 -- Him that is weak in the faith receive ye, butnot to doubtful disputations.

Hebrews 12: 3 -- For consider him (Jesus) that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds (psuche).

Here we have a different word for mind. It is the word usually used of soul life. Hence it says if you become faint in your entire being, not just your mind, think about the things Jesus endured. The pressures from society, your job, your friends, often bring a believer to his knees to the point that he considers God's Word no longer worth the effort and afflictions. When this happens, think about what Jesus suffered from his society so that we could live.

Here are more usages of the word "mind" (nous) referred to as the mind of the Lord.

Romans 11: 34 -- For who hath known the mind (nous) of the Lord? or who hath been his counseller?

I Corinthians 2: 16 -- For who hath known the mind (nous) of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind (nous) of Christ.

Scripturally we have the mind of Christ, but since spirit has no mind, it is the figure of speech condescensio.This is where God attributes human characteristics to himself. We have Christ in us, we have his mind in us as we put on Godís thoughts. Take a few moments to try and understand this, considering the usage of condescensio. The more of Godís thoughts we learn and apply from His Word, the more we become like Jesus Christ. But we canít have the mind of God since God is Spirit and Spirit does not have a mind. You should also remember that the Word of God strengthens the MIND, while speaking in tongues (i.e. praying in the Spirit) strengthens the SPIRIT within.

Romans 8: 27 -- And he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what isthe mind (phronema) of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints according to the will ofGod.

Here we again read about the mind of the Spirit, only in a different light. The mind here is phronema-- THOUGHTS, FEELINGS AND DESIRES. A more accurate translation of this verse according to usage is:

Romans 8: 27 -- And He (God) that searcheth the hearts knoweth what are the thoughts of the spirit (the gift, holy spirit, that is in the Christian believer) because it (the spirit) maketh intercession for the saints according to God.

Lets now go back to verse 26 of Romans chapter eight (8):

Romans 8: 26 -- Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.

You can see that the intercession for the saints is made by praying in the spirit, "for we know not what we should pray for as we ought." According to I Corinthians 14, praying in the spirit is speaking in tongues in your private prayer life. God knows what the thoughts and ideas of the spirit are (not the mind of the spirit). Why does He know? Because the spirit makes intercession according to God for us. When Christ was foretelling of the spirit that was to come on Pentecost in the gospel of John, he said the following:

John 16: 13, 14, 15 -- Howbeit when he (it), the Spirit of truth, is come, he (it) will guide you into all truth: for he (it) shall not speak of himself (itself); but whatsoever he (it) shall hear, thatshall he (it) speak: and he (it) will shew you things to come. He (it) shall glorify me: for he (it) shall receive of mine, and shall shew itunto you. All things that the Father hath are mine: therefore said I, that he (it) shall take of mine, and shall shew itunto you.

Whatsoever the spirit hears, that it speaks. It is these thoughts (phronema) that the spirit speaks, not the whole mind of God. (Keep in mind that God is Spirit and is therefore neuter in gender. Hence, the usage of the word "it" replacing the word "he".)

In Romans, chapter seven (7), it says that there are two laws at work within us.

Romans 7: 23, 24, 25 -- But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind (nous), and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death? I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then with the mind (nous) I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin.

Paul says he serves the law of God with the entire mind, not just words or thoughts. In order to be able to serve the law of God with the mind (nous), we must feed it with the proper food or thoughts.

Romans 8: 5 -- For they that are after the flesh do mind (phroneo) the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit.

The verb form of phronemais used in this verse. Therefore those that are after the flesh have the thoughts of the flesh. But those that are after the spirit have the thoughts of the spirit. Phronemais also used in the next two verses:

Romans 8: 6, 7 -- For to be carnally minded (phronema) isdeath; but to be spiritually minded (phronema) islife and peace. Because the carnal mind (phronema) is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.

If you have carnal thoughts, you are dead; but if your thoughts are spiritual, you have life and peace.

Romans 12: 2 -- And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind (nous), that ye may prove what isthat good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.

This is the key to power for the Christian believer. Be transformed (completely changed) by the renewing of your entire mind. To renew or change the mind, you must feed it with the proper thoughts.

Ephesians 4: 23 -- And be renewed in the spirit (life) of your mind (nous-- entire mind);

A section in Philippians tells us how to renew the mind.

Philippians 2: 5 -- Let this mind (phronema) be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:

Let those thoughts be in your mind which Christ Jesus had in his mind. To discover what his thoughts were, you must read the record of His words and thoughts -- the Word of God. By constantly studying God's Word and believing what you read, you can put those thoughts into your mind. You feed your mind with the thoughts of Christ and renew your mind.

Colossians 3: 16, 17 -- Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord. And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, doall in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and (even) the Father by him.

When believers in the fellowship renew their minds on the Word of God, they are like-minded, in fellowship, and there are no divisions among them. Paul taught this to the Christians in Corinth.

I Corinthians 1: 10 -- Now I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and thatthere be no divisions among you; but thatye be perfectly joined together in the same mind (nous) and in the same judgment (opinion).

God wants all His children to be of the same mind. In other scriptures, we are instructed to separate any followers that cause divisions among us.

Philippians 1: 27 -- Only let your conversation (behavior) be as it becometh the gospel of Christ: that whether I come and see you, or else be absent, I may hear of your affairs, that ye stand fast in one spirit, with one mind (psuche -- soul life) striving together for the (family) faith of the gospel;

God wants the entire being of every believer to be as one. He wants their soul lives to be knit together in the family of faith.

Philippians 2: 20 -- For I have no man like-minded (isopsuchos), who will naturally (genuinely) care for your state.

Isopsuchosis a combination of isos(equal) and psuche(soul), hence, equal soul. Although God said we should be as one soul in Philippians 1: 27, here Paul says he has no man with a soul equivalent to the extent that he would care for the state of the Philippians.

Romans 12: 16a Ė Beof the same (auto) mind (phroneo) one toward another.. . . . .

God wants us to have like thoughts, like minds and like souls. A part of having like souls is having like-renewed minds. In order to have like minds, we must feed on and retain the common thoughts of Christ.

The expression "the same mind," to auto phroneo,is used six times in the New Testament. Tois the article "the"; automeans "same"; and phroneois the verb form of phronemameaning "thoughts". Literally, the expression means to have the same thoughts, hence to be like-minded or to be of the same mind (thoughts).

Philippians 2: 2 -- Fulfil ye my joy, that ye be likeminded (to auto phroneo), having the same love, being of one accord (mpsuchos), of one mind (phroneo).

Notice that sumpsuchosis a combination of sun(together) and psuche(soul). Therefore, it says we are to have the same thoughts, to have the same love of God in the renewed mind in manifestation, to have souls joined together, and to have thoughts as one.

Philippians 3: 15, 16 -- Let us therefore, as many as be perfect, be thus minded (phroneo): and if in any thing ye be otherwise minded (phroneo), God shall reveal even this unto you.

Nevertheless, whereto we have already attained, let us walk by the same rule, let us mind the same thing (to auto phroneo).

We are perfect spiritually. Therefore we should also have perfect thoughts by putting on the perfect Word of God to renew our minds. If we do not have perfect thoughts, God by revelation will reveal even this to us. Let us have the same thoughts by putting on the same Word.

In the following verse, Paul exhorts two believers to have the same thoughts.

Philippians 4: 2 -- I beseech Euodias, and beseech Syntyche, that they be of the same mind (to auto phroneo) in the Lord.

Earlier in Romans, we read a verse that uses a similar expression.

Romans 12: 16a Ė Beof the same mind (to auto phroneo) one toward another.†† . . . . . .

Romans 15: 5 -- Now the God of patience and consolation (comfort) grant you to be likeminded (to auto phroneo)one toward another according to Christ Jesus:

II Corinthians 13: 11 -- Finally, brethren, farewell. Be perfect, be of good comfort, be of one mind (to auto phroneo), live in peace; and the God of love and peace shall be with you.

A noun in the Greek that is equivalent to the verbal expression is homophron.It is a combination of homos(same) and phronema(thoughts). It is used only once in the New Testament in I Peter.

I Peter 3: 8 -- Finally, be yeall of one mind (homophron), having compassion one of another, love as brethren, bepitiful, becourteous:

One other word used of the mind is sophroneo.It is a combination of sozo(to make whole) and phroneo(to think or have thoughts). The word sozois usually translated "to save" in the New Testament, but more literally it means to make whole. Hence sophroneomeans to have whole thoughts, to have a sound mind (phronema) or to have sober thoughts.

Mark 5: 15 -- And they come to Jesus, and see him that was possessed with the devil, and had the legion, sitting, and clothed, and in his right mind (sophroneo): and they were afraid.

The man had been possessed with a devil; but Jesus had cast the devil out and the man's thoughts became whole. He again had control of his own thoughts. A similar example is recorded in the gospel of Luke 8: 35.

I Peter 4: 7 -- But the end of all things is at hand: be ye therefore sober (sophroneo), and watch unto prayer.

Therefore make sure your thoughts are whole. Make sure your thoughts concur with God's Word.

Titus 2: 6 -- Young men likewise exhort to be sober minded (sophroneo).

II Corinthians 5: 13 -- For whether we be beside ourselves, it isto God: or whether we be sober (sophroneo), it isfor your cause.

In II Timothy 1: 7, we find the noun form of this word used. But first letís look at verse six (6) to better understand the context.

II Timothy 1: 6 -- Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir up the gift of God, which is in thee by the putting on of my hands.

II Timothy 1: 7 -- For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power (dunamis -- inherent power), and of love (agape -- the love of God in the renewed mind in manifestation), and of a sound mind (sophronismos).

In verse 6 Paul told Timothy to stir up the gift ministry God had given him. We have potential power within us. We have the love of God in the renewed mind, and we have thoughts that are whole. It says that God has given us these things. He has given us whole thoughts and ideas in His written Word. He continues to give us whole thoughts as we walk by His spirit. As we continue to feed upon these thoughts, our minds are renewed. If our minds are renewed, they are perfect, just as our spirit is perfect. Our souls are aligned with God. When each believer aligns himself in the same manner feeding on the Word of Life, he becomes a like-minded believer with all others having the same thoughts. That is certainly wonderful.

I Thessalonians 5: 23 -- And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray Godyour whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto (at) the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.